Difference between revisions of "Installing EPrints on Debian/Ubuntu"

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(Issues with Ubuntu 13/14 (Apache 2.3/2.4))
(recommend new host, because all current versions available)
 
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[[Category:Installation]]
 
[[Category:Installation]]
  
David Tarrant has built a Debian/Ubuntu package for Eprints.
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== Requirements ==
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* Ubuntu 16.04 LTS or 18.04 LTS (non-LTS versions not recommended) or Debian 8 (Jessie) or 9 (Stretch).
  
=APT Mirrors=
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== Installing from DEB ==
 +
<ol><li>As the root user create a file at <code>/etc/apt/sources.list.d/eprints.list</code> containing</li>
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<!--- http://deb.eprints.org/stable is the location of the 3.3 branch ... -->
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deb http://deb.eprints-hosting.org/3.4/stable/ ./
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<li>To allow the installation of EPrints and all its dependencies execute the following commands, again as the root user</li>
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wget -O - http://deb.eprints-hosting.org/keyFile | apt-key add -
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apt-get update
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<li>Select the appropriate current [http://files.eprints.org/view/type/release.html release] depending on output of</li>
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apt-cache show eprints
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<li>Finally install the selected version, e.g.</li>
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apt-get install eprints=3.4.1
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</ol>
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EPrints ''3.3'' will be installed to <code>/usr/share/eprints3/</code>. EPrints ''3.4'' will be installed to <code>/usr/share/eprints/</code>.
  
<b>Add one of the following mirrors (2 lines) to your /etc/apt/sources.list file as the root user. Please ensure that there is only one set in the file or you may not experience the correct behaviour.</b>
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However, '''you will not yet have a running archive'''.  Follow the [[Getting Started with EPrints 3]] instructions to set this up.
  
==EPrints Latest==
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Below are some [[Installing_EPrints_3_via_apt_(Debian/Ubuntu)#Operating_System_Version_Specific_Requirements | caveats for particular versions of Debian and Ubuntu]].
  
To install the testing build add *one* the following to /etc/apt/sources.list:
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'''N.B. If you are installing EPrints ''3.4'' from the DEB package then you will ''only'' get the ''zero flavour''. If you want the publications flavour you will need to download the [https://files.eprints.org/2401/8/eprints-3.4.1-flavours.tar.gz flavours tarball] (see [[Installing_EPrints_3_via_apt_(Debian/Ubuntu)#Downloading_and_Deploying_EPrints_Source | Downloading and Deploying EPrints Source]] below) and copy the <code>./pub_lib</code> subdirectory into <code>/usr/share/eprints/flavours/</code>.  It is planned that future versions of EPrints 3.4 will have their own publication flavours DEB package.'''
  
===Stable Builds===
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== Installing EPrints from Source ==
  
deb http://deb.eprints.org/ stable/
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=== Dependencies and Pre-configuration ===
deb-src http://deb.eprints.org/ source/
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===Testing Builds===
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'''N.B. Installing from a source tarball is generally discouraged particularly for production repositories.  However, if want to develop the EPrints code or a plugin or Bazaar package it may be useful to install from source, ideally from [https://github.com/eprints/eprints EPrints 3.3] or [https://github.com/eprints/eprints3.4 EPrints 3.4] Core Git repositories.'''
  
deb http://deb.eprints.org/ unstable/
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First, as the root user install all the dependencies for EPrints:
deb-src http://deb.eprints.org/ source/
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===Nightly Build===
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apt-get install perl libncurses5 libselinux1 libsepol1 apache2 libapache2-mod-perl2 libxml-libxml-perl libunicode-string-perl \
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  libterm-readkey-perl libmime-lite-perl libmime-types-perl libdigest-sha-perl libdbd-mysql-perl libxml-parser-perl libxml2-dev \
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  libxml-twig-perl libarchive-any-perl libjson-perl lynx wget ghostscript xpdf antiword elinks texlive-base texlive-base-bin \
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  psutils imagemagick adduser tar gzip mysql-server mysql-client unzip libsearch-xapian-perl libtex-encode-perl
  
Rather than the above add the following to /etc/apt/sources.list (note that this code is in developement and will not neccessarily compile):
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Next, create the eprints user
  
  deb http://deb.eprints.org/ nightly/
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  adduser eprints
deb-src http://deb.eprints.org/ source/
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==EPrints 3.X (Specific Version Locking)==
 
===Stable Release===
 
  
Add the following to /etc/apt/sources.list:
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Next, as the eprints user copy /opt/eprints3/perl_lib/EPrints/SystemSettings.pm.tmpl to /opt/eprints3/perl_lib/EPrints/SystemSettings.pm
  
deb http://deb.eprints.org/3.X/ stable/
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EPrints is now fully installed at /opt/eprints3. However, you will not yet have a running archive. Follow the [[Getting Started with EPrints 3]] instructions to set this up.
deb-src http://deb.eprints.org/3.X/ source/
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===Unstable Release===
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Now, update Apache configuration to set it up to use the eprints user and group, by ensuring the following lines are set thus in /etc/apache2/envvars:
  
To install the latest '''unstable''' release add the following to /etc/apt/sources.list:
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export APACHE_RUN_USER=eprints
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export APACHE_RUN_GROUP=eprints
  
deb http://deb.eprints.org/3.X/ unstable/
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=== Downloading and Deploying EPrints Source ===
deb-src http://deb.eprints.org/3.X/ source/
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==== EPrints 3.3.x for GitHub ====
  
===Nightly Build===
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apt-get install git
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git clone https://github.com/eprints/eprints.git /opt/eprints3
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cd /opt/eprints3/
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git checkout tags/v3.3.16
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chown -R eprints:eprints .
  
To install the nightly build add the following to /etc/apt/sources.list:
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==== EPrints 3.4.x for GitHub ====
  
  deb http://deb.eprints.org/3.X/ nightly/
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  apt-get install git
  deb-src http://deb.eprints.org/3.X/ source/
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git clone https://github.com/eprints/eprints3.4.git /opt/eprints3
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  cd /opt/eprints3/
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git checkout tags/v3.4.1
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chown -R eprints:eprints .
  
=Installing Eprints via apt-get=
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==== EPrints 3.4.x from files.eprints.org ====
  
To install Eprints and all its dependencies execute the following (as root):
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cd /tmp/
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wget https://files.eprints.org/2401/7/eprints-3.4.1.tar.gz
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tar -xzvf eprints-3.4.1.tar.gz
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 +
Then put in the source code in place:
  
  apt-get update
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  mv eprints-3.4.1 /opt/eprints3
  apt-get install eprints
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  chmod 2775 /opt/eprints3
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chown -R eprints:eprints /opt/eprints3
  
=Setting up a Repository=
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If you want a publications flavoured repository, then also:
You should now have a working installation of eprints in /usr/share/eprints3/. Please follow the on-screen instructions to set up an eprints repository. You probably want to start with (as root):
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'''For more information about setting up an EPrints repository take a look at [[Getting Started with EPrints 3]]'''
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wget https://files.eprints.org/2401/8/eprints-3.4.1-flavours.tar.gz
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tar -xzvf eprints-3.4.1-flavours.tar.gz
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mv eprints-3.4.1/flavours/pub_lib/ /opt/eprints3/flavours/
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chmod -R g+w /opt/eprints3/flavours/pub_lib
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chown -R eprints:eprints /opt/eprints3/flavours/pub_lib/
  
<b>Read First: Known issues with the Debian/Ubuntu package can be found at [[Debian Known Issues]].</b>
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=== Configuration ===
 
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Next, as the eprints user copy /opt/eprints3/perl_lib/EPrints/SystemSettings.pm.tmpl to /opt/eprints3/perl_lib/Eprints/SystemSettings.pm
su eprints
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cd
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./bin/epadmin create
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logout
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a2ensite eprints3
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apache2ctl restart
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If you have any problems getting set up you can get free help and support from the EP-Tech mailing list. {{EPrintsTech}}
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=Getting and Compiling from Source (not required)=
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To install dependencies and retrieve the Eprints source execute the following:
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apt-get update
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apt-get build-dep eprints
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apt-get source eprints
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The source will be saved to a tarball in the current directory.
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EPrints is now fully installed at /opt/eprints3. However, you will not yet have a running archive. Follow the [[Getting Started with EPrints 3]] instructions to set this up.
  
 +
=== Post-configuration ===
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Next, add the file /etc/apache2/sites-available/eprints.conf with the following line:
  
=Issues with Ubuntu 13/14 (Apache 2.3/2.4)=
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Include EPRINTS_PATH/cfg/apache.conf
  
Apache 2.3+ and PERL v5.16+ introduce a few changes which break EPrints.
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EPRINTS_PATH will be either /opt/eprints3/ or /usr/share/eprints depending on which instructions you followed above.
  
Current patches on github are:
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To enable this as root run the command:
  
* See last comment on https://github.com/eprints/eprints/issues/214 [ use of remote_ip ]
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  a2ensite eprints
* https://github.com/eprints/eprints/issues/237 [ NameVirtualHost deprecated ]
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* https://github.com/eprints/eprints/issues/236 [ Order allow,deny deprecated ]
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* https://github.com/eprints/eprints/commit/157db0d27d423d38f9c0fc31ce47e519cd861d45 [ utf8::decode and URI parameters ]
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 +
Finally, restart Apache:
  
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apachectl restart
  
Ensure that mpm_prefork module is enabled in /etc/apache2/mods-enabled (among others).
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You should now be able to access your vanilla repository at the hostname you specified when running '''epadmin create''' from the [[Getting Started with EPrints 3]] instructions.  You should then login as the admin user you created during this process and turn on the indexer.  This can be done by clicking on the '''Admin''' link under the Logged in menu, then clicking on the '''System Tools''' tab and finally the '''Start Indexer''' button.
  
Complete list of modules for a working repository include the following (although some may be surplus to requirements e.g. php5 is not strictly necessary)
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== Operating System Version Specific Requirements ==
  
*access_compat.load                   
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=== Ubuntu 18.04 LTS ===
*alias.conf                                   
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{{:Issues with Installing EPrints on Ubuntu 18.04}}
*alias.load                             
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*auth_basic.load                           
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*authn_core.load
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*authn_file.load
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*authz_core.load
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*authz_host.load
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*authz_user.load
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*autoindex.conf
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*autoindex.load
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*deflate.conf
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*deflate.load
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*dir.conf
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*dir.load
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*env.load
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*filter.load
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*mime.conf
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*mime.load
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*mpm_prefork.conf
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*mpm_prefork.load
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*negotiation.conf
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*negotiation.load
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*perl.load
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*php5.conf
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*php5.load
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*setenvif.conf
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*setenvif.load
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*status.conf
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*status.load
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Latest revision as of 15:59, 2 August 2019


Requirements

  • Ubuntu 16.04 LTS or 18.04 LTS (non-LTS versions not recommended) or Debian 8 (Jessie) or 9 (Stretch).

Installing from DEB

  1. As the root user create a file at /etc/apt/sources.list.d/eprints.list containing
  2. deb http://deb.eprints-hosting.org/3.4/stable/ ./
    
  3. To allow the installation of EPrints and all its dependencies execute the following commands, again as the root user
  4. wget -O - http://deb.eprints-hosting.org/keyFile | apt-key add -
    apt-get update
    
  5. Select the appropriate current release depending on output of
  6. apt-cache show eprints
    
  7. Finally install the selected version, e.g.
  8. apt-get install eprints=3.4.1
    

EPrints 3.3 will be installed to /usr/share/eprints3/. EPrints 3.4 will be installed to /usr/share/eprints/.

However, you will not yet have a running archive. Follow the Getting Started with EPrints 3 instructions to set this up.

Below are some caveats for particular versions of Debian and Ubuntu.

N.B. If you are installing EPrints 3.4 from the DEB package then you will only get the zero flavour. If you want the publications flavour you will need to download the flavours tarball (see Downloading and Deploying EPrints Source below) and copy the ./pub_lib subdirectory into /usr/share/eprints/flavours/. It is planned that future versions of EPrints 3.4 will have their own publication flavours DEB package.

Installing EPrints from Source

Dependencies and Pre-configuration

N.B. Installing from a source tarball is generally discouraged particularly for production repositories. However, if want to develop the EPrints code or a plugin or Bazaar package it may be useful to install from source, ideally from EPrints 3.3 or EPrints 3.4 Core Git repositories.

First, as the root user install all the dependencies for EPrints:

apt-get install perl libncurses5 libselinux1 libsepol1 apache2 libapache2-mod-perl2 libxml-libxml-perl libunicode-string-perl \
  libterm-readkey-perl libmime-lite-perl libmime-types-perl libdigest-sha-perl libdbd-mysql-perl libxml-parser-perl libxml2-dev \
  libxml-twig-perl libarchive-any-perl libjson-perl lynx wget ghostscript xpdf antiword elinks texlive-base texlive-base-bin \
  psutils imagemagick adduser tar gzip mysql-server mysql-client unzip libsearch-xapian-perl libtex-encode-perl

Next, create the eprints user

adduser eprints


Next, as the eprints user copy /opt/eprints3/perl_lib/EPrints/SystemSettings.pm.tmpl to /opt/eprints3/perl_lib/EPrints/SystemSettings.pm

EPrints is now fully installed at /opt/eprints3. However, you will not yet have a running archive. Follow the Getting Started with EPrints 3 instructions to set this up.

Now, update Apache configuration to set it up to use the eprints user and group, by ensuring the following lines are set thus in /etc/apache2/envvars:

export APACHE_RUN_USER=eprints
export APACHE_RUN_GROUP=eprints

Downloading and Deploying EPrints Source

EPrints 3.3.x for GitHub

apt-get install git
git clone https://github.com/eprints/eprints.git /opt/eprints3
cd /opt/eprints3/
git checkout tags/v3.3.16
chown -R eprints:eprints .

EPrints 3.4.x for GitHub

apt-get install git
git clone https://github.com/eprints/eprints3.4.git /opt/eprints3
cd /opt/eprints3/
git checkout tags/v3.4.1
chown -R eprints:eprints .

EPrints 3.4.x from files.eprints.org

cd /tmp/
wget https://files.eprints.org/2401/7/eprints-3.4.1.tar.gz
tar -xzvf eprints-3.4.1.tar.gz

Then put in the source code in place:

mv eprints-3.4.1 /opt/eprints3
chmod 2775 /opt/eprints3
chown -R eprints:eprints /opt/eprints3

If you want a publications flavoured repository, then also:

wget https://files.eprints.org/2401/8/eprints-3.4.1-flavours.tar.gz
tar -xzvf eprints-3.4.1-flavours.tar.gz
mv eprints-3.4.1/flavours/pub_lib/ /opt/eprints3/flavours/
chmod -R g+w /opt/eprints3/flavours/pub_lib
chown -R eprints:eprints /opt/eprints3/flavours/pub_lib/

Configuration

Next, as the eprints user copy /opt/eprints3/perl_lib/EPrints/SystemSettings.pm.tmpl to /opt/eprints3/perl_lib/Eprints/SystemSettings.pm

EPrints is now fully installed at /opt/eprints3. However, you will not yet have a running archive. Follow the Getting Started with EPrints 3 instructions to set this up.

Post-configuration

Next, add the file /etc/apache2/sites-available/eprints.conf with the following line:

Include EPRINTS_PATH/cfg/apache.conf

EPRINTS_PATH will be either /opt/eprints3/ or /usr/share/eprints depending on which instructions you followed above.

To enable this as root run the command:

a2ensite eprints

Finally, restart Apache:

apachectl restart

You should now be able to access your vanilla repository at the hostname you specified when running epadmin create from the Getting Started with EPrints 3 instructions. You should then login as the admin user you created during this process and turn on the indexer. This can be done by clicking on the Admin link under the Logged in menu, then clicking on the System Tools tab and finally the Start Indexer button.

Operating System Version Specific Requirements

Ubuntu 18.04 LTS

N.B. It is assumed that you are installing the latest version of 3.4 (currently 3.4.1). Earlier versions may have issues not listed here.

MySQL root user cannot be used

On Ubuntu 18.04 LTS rather than prompting you to set a password for MySQL server when installing this as a dependency, it just installs it without. However, this means on the root user can login to MySQL to add a database. As "epadmin create" runs at the eprints user, this will not be able to create a database for EPrints. The get round this as the root user connect to MySQL (just type "mysql" at the command line) and type the following two commands. You will want to set your own password (i.e. not 'changeme') , you may also want to restrict which databases the eprints user has control over. If you know the "Archive ID" you are going to use.

CREATE USER 'eprints'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED by 'changeme';
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO 'eprints'@'localhost' WITH GRANT OPTION;