Difference between revisions of "Perl 101 for EPrints"

From EPrints Documentation
Jump to: navigation, search
(Retrieving data from a config file)
m (adding categories)
Line 1: Line 1:
[[Category: Work in Progress]]
[[Category: Contribute]]
[[Category: Howto]]
===Where to start===
===Where to start===

Revision as of 05:46, 13 September 2018

Where to start

Learning Perl: Helping you get started with Perl 5.... http://learn.perl.org/

Perl Tutorials http://perldoc.perl.org/perl.html#Tutorials

Recommended books for learning Perl

Learning Perl, 6th Edition by Randal Schwartz, brian d foy, Tom Phoenix http://www.amazon.com/Learning-Perl-Randal-L-Schwartz/dp/1449303587

Programming Perl: Unmatched power for text processing and scripting Fourth Edition Edition by Tom Christiansen, brian d foy, Larry Wall, Jon Orwant http://www.amazon.com/Programming-Perl-Unmatched-processing-scripting/dp/0596004923/

Intermediate Perl Second Edition Edition by Randal L. Schwartz, brian d foy, Tom Phoenix http://www.amazon.com/Intermediate-Perl-Randal-L-Schwartz/dp/1449393098/

Using Perl in EPrints

Retrieving data from a config file

Example of a data config file under /cfg/cfg.d/example.pl

The data structure is an array of hashes (http://perldoc.perl.org/perldsc.html#ARRAYS-OF-HASHES)

$c->{etd_ms}->{fields} = [
	{ tagname => 'etd_ms:type', type=> 'constant', value => "Electronic Thesis or Dissertation" },
	{ tagname => 'etd_ms:degree', type => 'compound', parts => [
		{ tagname => 'etd_ms:name', type => 'simple_text', eprint_fieldname => 'thesis_degree_name' },
		{ tagname => 'etd_ms:level', type => 'simple_text', eprint_fieldname => 'thesis_type' },
		{ tagname => 'etd_ms:discipline', type => 'simple_text', eprint_fieldname => 'department' },
		{ tagname => 'etd_ms:grantor', type => 'simple_text', eprint_fieldname => 'institution' },
	] },

Retrieving values from this config file in an "Example" export plugin under /plugins/EPrints/Plugin/Export/example.pm

               package EPrints::Plugin::Export::Example;
               use EPrints::Plugin::Export;
               @ISA = ( "EPrints::Plugin::Export" );
               my $fields = $session->get_conf('etd_ms','fields');					
               foreach my $field_conf (@{$fields})
		   my $tags = $plugin->generate_tag($eprint, $field_conf);			
		   foreach my $tag (@{$tags})
					push @dcdata, ($tag) if $tag; 

Supporting function that returns an arrayref

sub generate_tag {
	my ($plugin, $eprint, $field_conf) = @_;

	#Constant value
	if ($field_conf->{type} eq 'constant')
		return $plugin->generate_constant_tag($eprint, $field_conf);

Supporting function that generates a tag

sub generate_constant_tag{
	my ($plugin, $eprint, $field_conf) = @_;

	my $tag = $plugin->_simple_tag($field_conf, $field_conf->{value});
	return [ $tag ];

Function parameters

In perl, the following:

$obj->function($arg1, $arg2)

is equivalent to:

Class::function($obj, $arg1,$arg2)

In the example above, when we call:

my $tags = $plugin->generate_tag($eprint, $field_conf);

It is equivalent to:

my $tags = Example::generate_tag($plugin, $eprint, $field_conf);

This explains the three parameters listed in the top of the generate_tag function definition:

sub generate_tag {
my ($plugin, $eprint, $field_conf) = @_;