Add a parallel authentication routine

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This is a real-world example.

goal

Use an external agency that may define a persistent User ID (a "puid") for someone visiting the repository.

explanation

An eprints user may have an identifying puid associated with their account. If a user arrives with a piud that matches one held in the tables, that user profile is loaded. If not, use the standard eprints login system is used to identify the user.

There are situations where a user may come in with a different puid (visiting a different institution, moving to a different institution, a change at institutional level, etc), and a user should be able to change the puid associated with their account.

Note: puids are opaque, so humans do not recognise the opaque string as meaning anything, and asking a user to type in a puid is prone to typo-errors. However, puids are assigned by an institution, so I made sure I got the name of the institution that authenticated the user along with the puid.

A puid will be in the format of 1234:5678#My+Institution

How To Do It

The very basics

Step 1 is to set up the basic requirement: We need fields in the user object (archives/ARCHIVEID/cfg/cfg.d/user_fields.pl)

   {
        'name' => 'puid',
        'type' => 'text',
    },

and the corresponding entries in the workflow and phrases files:

Workflows (archives/ARCHIVEID/cfg/workflows/user/default.xml)

    <component type="Field::Multi">
      <title><epc:phrase ref="user_section_account" /></title>
      <epc:if test="usertype != 'minuser'"><field ref="email"/></epc:if>
      <field ref="hideemail"/>
      <field ref="password"/>
      <field ref="puid" /> <!-- NEW ITEM -->
    </component>

phrases (archives/ARCHIVEID/cfg/lang/en/phrases/user_fields.xml):

    <epp:phrase id="user_fieldname_puid">Devolved Authentication</epp:phrase>
    <epp:phrase id="user_fieldhelp_puid">This option determines which (if any)
                   institution is recognised as providing the correct devolved
                   authentication for this depositor.</epp:phrase>

NOTE If you alter the user_fields.pl file, you need to rebuild the database, which means wiping and restarting (or doing clever stuff with SQL), so make sure you do all this before you start putting data into the repository

Logging in

In EPrints 3.0.3+ you can create a subroutine for an alternative login procedure. Place the following code in archives/ARCHIVEID/cfg/cfg.d/myMethods.pl:

######################################################################
=pod

 if( $self->get_repository->can_call( 'get_current_user' ) )
 {
   $self->{current_user} = $self->get_repository->call( 'get_current_user', $self );
 }

An optional call that allows one to get the current eprints user-object
by some method.

If this method is available, it is called B<instead of> the internal
eprint methods.

=cut
######################################################################
$c->{get_current_user} = sub {
	my( $session ) = @_;

	if( !defined $session->{request} )
	{
		# not a cgi script.
		return undef;
	}
  # check for a eprints session cookie
  my $user = $session->_current_user_auth_cookie;
  if( defined $user )
  { 
    return $user;
  }
  # get my puid
  my $puid = $session->puid_from_cookie;

  return undef unless defined $puid;

  # can we get a user?
  my $user = EPrints::DataObj::User::user_with_puid( $session,$puid );
  if( defined $user )
  {
	    $session->{via_depot} = 1; 
   }
   return $user;
};

There are a few new functions in here: $session->puid_from_cookie; EPrints::DataObj::User::user_with_puid. Both of them are also defined in archives/ARCHIVEID/cfg/cfg.d/myMethods.pl

######################################################################
=pod

=item $puid = $session->puid_from_cookie;

returns the puid from our own cookie

Used in both the dynamic template and C<&get_current_user():>

=cut
######################################################################
sub EPrints::Session::puid_from_cookie
{
  my( $self ) = @_;

  my $cookie = EPrints::Apache::AnApache::cookie( $self->get_request, "myCookie" );
  if( !defined $cookie ) { return undef; }
  my %info = split( '&', $cookie );
  # do cookie validation checks here
  my $puid = $info{user};
  $puid=~s/\%([0-9A-F]{2})/eval "chr(0x$1)"/egi;

  return $puid;
}
######################################################################
=pod

=item $user = EPrints::DataObj::User::user_with_puid( $session, $puid )

Return the EPrints::user with the specified $puid, or undef if they
are not found.

=cut
######################################################################
sub EPrints::DataObj::User::user_with_puid
{
	my( $session, $puid ) = @_;
	
	my $user_ds = $session->get_repository->get_dataset( "user" );

	my $searchexp = new EPrints::Search(
		session=>$session,
		dataset=>$user_ds );

	$searchexp->add_field(
		$user_ds->get_field( "puid" ),
		$puid );

	my $searchid = $searchexp->perform_search;
	my @records = $searchexp->get_records(0,1);
	$searchexp->dispose();
	
	return $records[0];
}

and finally $session->{via_depot} = 1 just sets a flag in the session.

needs re-edited below

Field rendering Problem

However, this means that we get a text input item, not what we want (see the comment above about users typing in opaque strings)

Changing the way the field is rendered

In Step 2 we alter the way the object deals with the 'puid' field. the user field is changed and we define alternative methods for rendering the field (as a fragment of xhtml) and for changing the value:

    {
        'name'                => 'puid',
        'type'                => 'text',
        'render_single_value' => \&render_puid,
        'render_input'        => \&select_puid,
    },

In archives/ARCHIVEID/cfg/cfg.d/user_fields.pl we also add the two methods:

sub render_puid
{
    my ( $session, $field, $value ) = @_;

     	if(!EPrints::Utils::is_set($value)) 
	{
		return $session->make_text("You have no automatic authentication");
	}

	# split the value into two parts, on the first # (there may be more than one..)
	my ( $rawpuid, $inst) = split /#/, $value, 2; 
	
	if( !EPrints::Utils::is_set($inst) )
	{
        	return $session->make_text(
            		"You have an institution defined, but it is un-named");
	}

        $inst =~ s/\+/ /g;
        # we should have an institutionl name set, but just in case...
        return $session->make_text(
            "Your defined authenticating institution is $inst")

 
}

sub select_puid {
    my ( $field, $session, $puid, $dataset, $staff, $hidden_fields, $user,
        $basename ) = @_;
   my @order = ('none');
   my $desc = { none => 'No PUID stuff' };
   my $values = { 'none' => '' };

   my $default = 'none';

   if( EPrints::Utils::is_set( $value ) )
   {
     push @order, 'old';
     $values->{old} = $value;
     my ($uid, $org) = split /\#/, $value;
     $org =~ s/\+/ /g;
     $desc->{old} = "Current value: $org";
     $default = 'old';
   }

   my $cookie_puid = $session->puid_from_cookie;
   if( defined $cookie_puid && $cookie_puid ne $value )
   {
     push @order, 'new';
     $values->{new} = $cookie_puid;
     my ($uid, $org) = split /\#/, $cookie_puid;
     $org =~ s/\+/ /g;
     $desc->{new} = "New value: $org";
   }

   my $div = $session->make_element( "div" );
   foreach my $bit ( @order ) 
   {
      my $div2 = $session->make_element( "div" );
      my $label = $session->make_element( "label" );
      $div->appendChild( $div2 );
      $div2->appendChild( $label );
      my %iopts = (
                type=>'radio',
                name=>$basename,
                value=>$values->{$bit} );
      if( $default eq $bit ) { $iopts{checked} = 'checked'; }
      $label->appendChild( $session->make_element( "input", %iopts ) );
      $label->appendChild( $session->make_text( " ".$desc->{$bit} ) );
   }
     
   return $div;

 
}