Difference between revisions of "MultiLang Fields Bazaar Package"

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== How to use the plugin ==
 
== How to use the plugin ==
Once the plugin has been installed, the user needs to edit the workflow to contain the multilingual fields' versions instead of the default ones. This procedure is explained in [[MultiLang Fields Bazaar Package]] section.
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Once the plugin has been installed, the user needs to edit the workflow to contain the multilingual fields' versions instead of the default ones. This procedure is explained in [[MultiLang Fields Bazaar Package]#How_the_plugin_works] section.
  
 
== How the plugin works ==
 
== How the plugin works ==

Revision as of 12:20, 6 June 2016


The MultiLang plugins introduces multiple language support in EPrints fields. The specific plugin replaces title and abstract fields with their multilanguage version (ml_title and ml_abstract respectively), but this wiki-page will explain how one can achieve this functionality in other EPrints fields as well.

Installation Prerequisites

None

Installation

Install through the EPrints Bazaar

How to use the plugin

Once the plugin has been installed, the user needs to edit the workflow to contain the multilingual fields' versions instead of the default ones. This procedure is explained in [[MultiLang Fields Bazaar Package]#How_the_plugin_works] section.

How the plugin works

In order to introduce a new field in EPrints (such as the ml_title field), a few things need to take place:

  • The field's name and functionality needs to be introduced to the EPrints system via a configuration file located in ~eprints/archives/<reponame>/cfg/cfg.d/.
  • EPrints' database needs to be updated to include the new field. This is achieved when user eprints executes (from his home directory):
$ ./bin/epadmin update reponame
  • The appropriate phrases need to be added for each field and for each supported language.
  • The workflow needs to be edited in order to contain the new fields - and not include the original ones.
  • The repository needs to be reloaded, by running:
$ ./bin/epadmin reload reponame

within eprints' home directory.

The following sections explain each step in detail, where we are using ml_title as our example field. The code snippets are just for demonstration purposes (and proof of concept). If you want to see the final, working implementation, you should look at the source code of the plugin.

Introducing ml_title field in EPrints

We create the file: ~eprints/archives/<reponame>/cfg/cfg.d/zz_multilang_field.pl with the following content:

#define local fields
my $local_fields = [
{
    name => 'ml_title',
    type => 'multilang',
    multiple => 1,
    fields => [ { sub_name => "text", type => "longtext", input_rows => 3, make_single_value_orderkey => 'EPrints::Extras::english_title_orderkey' } ],
    input_add_boxes => 1,
},
 
{
    name => 'title',
    type => 'virtualwithvalue',
    virtual => 1,
 
    get_value => sub
    {
        my ($eprint) = @_;
        if ($eprint->is_set('ml_title'))
        {
            my $lang = $eprint->repository->get_langid;
            my $lang_set = 0;
            my $vals = $eprint->get_value('ml_title');
            my $title = '';
            if (!$lang)
            {
                $lang_set = 1;
            }
            else
            {
                # set the default lang's text as title
                foreach my $v1 (@{$vals})
                {
                    if ($v1->{lang} eq $lang)
                    {
                        $title = $v1->{text};
                    }
                }
            }
            # if the language is not set or I can't find an abstract in the 
            # user's language, get the first object's text as abstract
            if ($lang_set or $title eq '')
            {
                $title = $vals->[0]->{text};
            }
            return $title;
 
        }
        return undef;
    },
 
    set_value => sub
    {
        my ($eprint, $value) = @_;
        my $lang = 'en';
        #only use this on imports, NOT if the value is already set
        if ($eprint->is_set('ml_title'))
        {
            return;
        }
        if ($value)
        {
            $eprint->set_value('ml_title', [{lang=>$lang, text=>$value}]);
        }
    }
},
];
 
#create lookup hash of local field names
my $local_fieldnames = {};
 
foreach my $f (@{$local_fields})
{
    $local_fieldnames->{$f->{name}} = 1;
}
 
#merge in existing field configurations
foreach my $f (@{$c->{fields}->{eprint}})
{
    if (!$local_fieldnames->{$f->{name}})
    {
     push @{$local_fields}, $f;
    }
}
 
#overwrite original array of configured fields
$c->{fields}->{eprint} = $local_fields;

Where we can see that our new ml_title field is of type virtualwithvalue (which we'll explain later in this section) and implements two functions: get_value and set_value. Both these functions are used by EPrints API and their existence, as well as their return values, are critical for EPrints to work properly, and do exactly what their names suggest. In the end of our example code one can see how a custom field can be added in the list of EPrints fields.

Editing the workflow

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